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The Origin Of The Tattoo Machine, Thanks To Every Promoter Of Tattoos
- Jan 25, 2018 -

A simple principle of mechanical operation


Brought pure art to the mechanical age


Tribute belongs to the era of industrial revolution with tattooists


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Tattoo machine in the passerby is cool tattoo gun


But in the eyes of the tattooist this machine is a feast for the meal


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Talking about the source story of a tattoo machine today, a beautiful accidental weapon


When the tattoo machine has not yet come, the early tattoos are called tattoos. Because tattoos around the world are part of the operating techniques of hand-monochrome piercing the skin. After the color of the pattern is restored, the color is mostly cyan, which is also the source of tattoos.


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Traditional tattoo needle


In 1819, Denmark inventor Orest discovered electromagnetic induction. This basic electrical principle lays down the working principle of all patented tattoo machines.


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In 1876, Thomas Ewa-Edison, inventor of Newark, New Jersey, invented and patented a rotating electromagnetic machine that used a battery, at the time copying and copying hand-written material on a piece of content paper by an ink pen. The ink roll then rolls over the perforated paper and a copy of the original document is completed.


In 1877, Edison came up with new ideas and made some minor changes, adding curved reeds, producing reciprocating movements through the coils that vibrated and required ink for printing. Followed by electromagnetic power drilling tool has been a long time to develop.


And this principle, if you look closely Edison this patented mode of operation can be seen that this machine can be easily used by tattooing process.


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Subsequently, an Italian inventor in Italy improved the battery. Because all the early tattoo machines and models were battery-powered. This device marks the moment most of the tattoo artists used life equipment will soon boarded the stage of history.


In 1891, only slightly modified by Edison, Samuel Orlylli saw the future of the tool and won the patent for the first tattoo machine in the United States. Aureli's modifications include the use of cartridges to improve assembly tubing, a switch, punch straightener, and pin-type needle straps.


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In 1892 Samuel Orrick invented the electric tattoo machine equipment, from the modern tattoo into the rapid development, with only a little bit of pain, and its fast, simple tattoo just fine.


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In 1904, New York City's Charlie Wagner was also patented for making tattoos. Many historians consider Orly as having a dominant influence on the development of a tattoo machine; however, by observing the original sketch, Edison's design philosophy was found in both products.


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In 1929, Bohe-Witt of Detroit designed a real tattoo machine that most people think of. Witt is not the number one in more than 1,000 patents on such machines, and the names of the original designers have blurred the long history of tattoos.


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Witt's machine is a standard dual solenoid type (shrapnel), but the coil is placed at a level with the border. Other improvements have touch switch, spark protection, needle set can be cut plastic film version. He has produced and sold many different types of machines for many years in the supplier business. Witt appears to be the only one of the early inventors of tattoo machines to profit from the patent market.


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Coil tattoo machine consists of body frame (stamping, casting, wire cutting, hand welding the difference), magnetic coils, capacitors, vibration Suspension iron, shrapnel, adjusting screw rod and other major components, are indispensable.


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In 1978, the famous German tattooist Manfred Kohrs invented the first motor tattoo machine in history.


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Early tattoo machine rough equipment, mostly hand-made, hand-made high cost, single pattern, when electric tattoo machine beating 1000 beats per minute, only the skin and the skin stabbed, the depth of only 0.8-1 mm. Now tattoo machine manufacturing has reached the point of perfection, electric tattoo machine beat 30000 times per minute.


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Coil machine (shrapnel) works:


Transformer access 220v (turn 110v) 50hz AC into DC and then into the working voltage of the tattoo machine 0-15V Two main coil and the square magnet block to produce a magnetic field from the suction play Quartet magnet block with elastic high-speed up and down reciprocating motion Quartet Magnet driven tattoo needles piercing the skin surface to the pigment into the epidermis!


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Turn on the two coils and turn them into solenoids


Attract the armature to move, vibrate the tattoo machine to move downwards, the stylus will break the conductive contact




Cut off the current, resulting in magnetic disappearance of the coil


Armature in the shrapnel led by the return, so that the new current flow through


So reciprocating, the coil machine is working like this


Motor machine works:


Motor is the motor rotation through the torsion shaft into up and down movement), the motor is motor-driven, the principle and shaver, tattoo use is the same. Relatively small motor sound and jitter (prolonged work on the motor requirements higher). Light weight, powerful, noiseless, ultra-stable, easy to adjust, good to use.




The rotational movement of the motor will be converted to linear motion at the needle


If the coil machine is the label of the industrial revolution, then the motor to the pen-shaped tattoo machine is the technological revolution. Like the keyboard phone to touch the phone's update. Tattoo pen lighter, stable, neat and tidy. Disadvantages are: one needle needle expensive, consumables cost is not high.


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Ink-and-ink pens from the start of Edison have been drilled to date, with machine installations improving over the course of a century. No matter how much improvement, the perfect tattoo machine for each artist has not yet appeared; almost all tattoo artists will be modified according to their needs and use of the machine to debug to adapt to their own. The tattoo machine has also become a very personal tool. It can be said that no two machines will be the same.


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In the United States and Europe, there are still many inventors to design and develop tattoo machines. Most of these inventors were unable to patent their designs for time and money, probably because of a lack of original design. However, with the deepening of market capitalization, the tattoo machine will slowly evolve into a better tool.


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In theory, at least how it is used. In some cases, the changes made to the machine did not make it appear more advanced in the operation of the inventor, but the truth is that in this trial and error, repeated in the process of repeated tests, to a person and The improvement of words can be an obstacle to the other person, so the search for the path has continued.


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